Firstly, lets not get misguided by the title of this post. You can seek Allah everywhere, and anytime. You can make duaa to him whenever you feel like. There is no such thing as a proper time or place for duaa. However, what this post aims at is that there are some specific times and places mentioned by our beloved Prophet (phuh), that qualify more for your duaa being granted. They have like a guarantee that the duaa in those places and times shall be accepted. So, then, having cleared that, lets move on.
There are many places and times mentioned in the Sunnah, when making duaa is recommended. Not to make this a long boring read for you, I will cover only the first one in this post, that is the places in our five daily Salaah. The other times and places will be covered in the next post 🙂 In sha Allah.
Places in Salaah for making Duaa
The Prophet (pbuh), was asked “which Duaa is more heard (by Allah)?” The Prophet (pbuh), said, “The Duaa during the last part of the night and after the Fard prayers.” (Tirmidhi, 3421)
You are in an eloquent conversation with your Rabb, 5 times a day! What better place or time would you need to ask a duaa of Him.There is not just one particular part of the prayer when duaa should be offered, there are many parts in the prayer when Prophet (pbuh) would make duaa, starting from the opening takbeer to the final tasleem.
There are seven of such places in Salaah that are recommend for making duaa.
1. After the opening Takbeer and before reciting Surah Fatiha, known as Duaa Istiftaah (Opening Supplication)
Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA): Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) used to keep silent between the takbeer and the recitation of Surah Fatiha and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophet (pbuh): “May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between takbeer and recitation?”
The Prophet (pbuh) said:
Allaahumma baa’id bayni wa bayna khataayaaya kama baa’adta bayna al-mashriqi wa’l-maghrib. Allaahumma naqqini min khataayaaya kama yunaqqa al-thawb al-abyad min al-danas. Allaahumma ighsilni min khataayaaya bi’l-thalji wa’l-maa’i wa’l-barad“O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as the East and the West are set apart from each other; O Allah! Clean me from sins as a white garment is cleaned of dirt (after washing); O Allah! Wash off my sins with water, snow and hail.” (Bukharee 1.12, 711)
Subhanaka Allahuma wabi hamdik, wata-baraka ismuk, wa ta’ala jad-duka wala ilaha ghyruk.
“Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto You, and blessed is Your name and high is Your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you.” (Sahih Jami`)
2. While bowing
The Prophet (pbuh) used to say:
Subhaanak Allaahumma Rabbanaa wa bi hamdika Allaahumma ighfir li
“Glory and praise be to You, O Allaah our Lord. O Allaah, forgive me.” (Bukhaari, 761; Muslim, 484)
“Allaahumma laka raka’tu wa bika aamantu wa laka aslamtu, khasha’a laka sam’i wa basari wa mukhkhi wa ‘azmi wa ‘asabi
“O Allaah, to You have I bowed, in You have I believed and to You have I submitted. My hearing, sight, mind, bones and tendons are humbled before You.” (Muslim; 1.534)
3. During Prostration
The best place for making duaa in your prayer is the Sujood! In this position you are the closest to Allah, submitting yourself in the humblest of positions with your head on the ground. Never miss out on making the most important duaa in this position. Never.
Abu Hurairah(RA) narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “The nearest a slave can be to his Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) is when he is prostrating, so invoke (supplicate) Allah (Swt) much.” (Sahih Muslim, 482)
Ask anything you like in sujood. Ask for magfirah, for your deen, for your duniya and for your aakhira. This is the perfect position to beg Allah, to beseech Him for all that you want.
4. Between the two prostrations
“Allaahumma ighfir li warhamni wajburni wahdini warzuqni
“O Allaah, forgive me, have mercy on me, enrich me, guide me and grant me provision.” (Tirmidhi, 284; Ibn Maajah, 898)
5. After the tashahhud and before salaam
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “When any one of you has finished the last tashahhud, let him seek refuge with Allaah from four things and say:
Allaahumma inni a’oodhu bika min ‘adhaabi jahannam wa min ‘adhaab il-qabri wa min fitnat il-mahyaa wa’l-mamaat wa min sharri fitnat il-maseeh il-dajjaal
“O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from the torment of Hell and from the torment of the grave and from the trials of life and death and from the evil of the trial of the Dajjaal.” (Bukhaari, 1311; Muslim, 588)
Allaahumma ‘innee dhalamtu nafsee dhulman katheeran, wa laa yaghfiruth–thunooba ‘illaa ‘Anta, faghfir lee maghfiratan min ‘indika warhamnee ‘innaka ‘Antal-Ghafoorur-Raheem.
“O Allah, I have greatly wronged myself and no one forgives sins but You. So, grant me forgiveness and have mercy on me. Surely, you are Forgiving, Merciful.” (Bukharee 8/168, Muslim 4/2078)
6. Duaa Al Qunoot in Witr
Hasan ibn ‘Ali said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught me these words to say in Witr:
“Allaahumma ihdini feeman hadayta wa ‘aafini feeman ‘aafayta wa tawallani feeman tawallayta wa baarik li feema a’tayta, wa qini sharra ma qadayta , fa innaka taqdi wa la yuqda ‘alayk, wa innahu laa yadhillu man waalayta wa laa ya’izzu man ‘aadayta, tabaarakta Rabbana wa ta’aalayt”
“O Allaah, guide me among those whom You have guided, pardon me among those whom You have pardoned, turn to me in friendship among those on whom You have turned in friendship, and bless me in what You have bestowed, and save me from the evil of what You have decreed. For verily You decree and none can influence You; and he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, nor is he honored who is Your enemy. Blessed are You, O Lord, and Exalted.” (Tirmidhi, 464; Abu Dawood, 1425; Ibn Maajah, 1178).
7. After Salaam
‘Astaghfirullaaha (3 times) and then Allaahumma ‘Antas-Salaamu wa minkas-salaamu, tabaarakta yaa Thal-Jalaali wal-‘Ikraam.
“I seek the forgiveness of Allah (three times) . O Allah, You are Peace and from You comes peace . Blessed are You , O Owner of majesty and honor.” (Muslim 1/414)
Narrated Ibn Masood: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught them the tashahhud then he said at the end: “Let him ask for whatever good things he wishes.” (Bukhaari, 876; Muslim, 402).
When it comes to duaa, we can ask Allah in any language, any words we like. As long as our duaa is sincere, adhering to the etiquette of duaa (which in sha Allah, will be a separate post), Allah swt will accept it from us.
However, we always need to remember that we have a great Teacher, who (pbuh) left for us, in his Sunnah, everything covered in an unmatched eloquence.These are beautiful, concise worded, deep meaning adiya that are recommended by our Beloved (pbuh) as duaa. Scholars are of the idea that they should be learned and recited in the same wordings. But if you find them difficult to learn, because of the language, you can learn their meaning and recite them in your own native language after exhausting all efforts to memorize them. They may take time, but they are worth it, owing to the beautiful in-depth meanings of such few words and they foremost essentially are the Beloved Sunnah 🙂
There are many a supplications that can be recited during the prayers at these times. I mentioned just a few. You can check others on this book, Fortress of the Muslim, Invocations from the Quran & Sunnah. Compiled by Sa’id bin Wahf Al-Qahtani.
In sha Allah, next week, we will cover the other times and places where duaa is accepted. Remember me and the Ummah in your beautiful prayers 🙂
May Allah swt keep you and your family in His love, mercy, care and protection. Ameen. 🙂